Sea goldie


  • Usually occurs singly in Hong Kong, but in elsewhere may forms large schools composed of hundreds of individuals (Shapiro 1979).
  • Mainly feeds on plankton.
  • Haremic species – lives in groups comprising one male and several other females.
  • Exhibits female to male (protogynous (female to male) sex change.
  • First published record for Hong Kong waters in 2018.


  • Two colour forms:
  • Body orange -red with yellow dots on scales OR.
  • body purple, and sometimes greenish or yellowish on back.
  • Third dorsal spine elongate and filamentous.
  • Upper outer corner of pectoral fin with a red-purple blotch.
  • Body orange.
  • A purple-edged orange stripe begins from eye to pectoral fin base.

Common Name: Sea goldie

Family Common Name: Groupers

Scientific Name: Pseudanthias squamipinnis___(Peters, 1855)

Maximum Length: 15 cm (Total Length)