Hong Kong grouper


  • Maximum recorded age is 19 years.
  • Used to be very common in Hong Kong’s eastern waters in the 1960s. It is now a rare species.
  • Females can change sex to male, but males are found to change sex back to female under a laboratory environment.


  • Head and body brownish grey with numerous red, orange or gold spots.
  • Several faint diagonal dark bars on body may be visible in most individuals.
  • A dark blotch at mid dorsal fin base.

Common Name: Hong Kong grouper, Red grouper

Family Common Name: Groupers

Scientific Name: Epinephelus akaara___(Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)

Maximum Length: 58 cm (Total Length)